Balloon angioplasty procedure is a treatment procedure that involves the removal of blockages in the arteries. It is viewed as minimally invasive and often completed within a short period of time. The procedure is mainly done by doctors who specialize on the interventional cardiology.
Who requires Angioplasty?
Angioplasty is a process recommended to anybody who suffers from heart conditions like the atherosclerosis. A higher degree of fat and cholesterol in the bloodstream can at times cause them to upsurge and harden to create a plaque in the walls of the arteries. This can harden the arteries and makes them less flexible which results into a condition known as the atherosclerosis. The condition can limit the flow of blood causing chest pains which when not treated properly may lead to the formation of clot hence causing heart attack.
Balloon Angioplasty Procedure
A sequence of tests including blood test, electrocardiogram, urinalysis and X-ray are performed on any person who is to undergo balloon angioplasty procedure. This is done since not all those who suffer from coronary angiogram suffer from angioplasty. However it is important to note that the procedure can be unsuitable due to several factors e.g if there is a blockage in the naturally thin sections or incase of several branching off of blocked vessels in the arteries. In circumstances like these, there are other optional techniques like the bypass procedure of the coronary artery that is recommended.
Angioplasty, what does it entail?
The Balloon angioplasty procedure is intended to open up the blocked arteries to give way for the smoother normal flow of blood. A narrow artery is opened by inserting the catheter tube at the narrow point. The fixing of the balloon is done at the terminal of the tube in which it is inflated to open up the walls of the arteries outwardly. This process results in the impermanent widening of the thin arteries in which it can also crush and break down the build-up of the plaque. The coronary stent which remains there permanently is inserted after the removal of the balloons to hold the opening of the arteries and reinstate the flow of blood. The whole procedure lasts for a period of 2 hours depending on the number of blockages and their severity. The sick are often provided with sedatives for relaxation purposes. Medications and fluids are also provided through the intravenous injections. The X-ray photograph is used during the procedure for the cardiologist to observe and assist in the tube (catheter)
Balloon Angioplasty Procedure : Pre and post-procedure care
Patients are usually advised to avoid drinking or eating anything four hours before the time the procedure is carried out. The medical practitioner will provide the patients with aspirin and other anti-coagulant treatment for some few days before the day the procedure is performed. This will help you to be awake through the entire period. After finishing the procedure, you should take a minimum of six hours laying flat. You will also be instructed to take anti-aspirin blocking medications to thwart clotting of blood around the implanted stent. After the exercise, you will be advised to rest for some few days before resuming your normal duties. You should also not forget the benefits of health heart by consuming the daily fish oil capsule. Be free with your medical practitioner and he or she will agree that the following things are good for a better heart health:
- A proper diet
- Taking fish oil
- Doing exercise
You should take care of yourself by doing some exercises and eating well and in accordance to the instruction provided by the doctor. You should also eat more vegetables and fruits while minimizing the rate of consumption of meat. In doing so, you shall be reducing the probability of undergoing through the balloon angioplasty procedure in the future.